• <xmp id="ycoqw">
    <xmp id="ycoqw"><menu id="ycoqw"></menu>
  •  
      設為首頁 | 加入收藏 | 聯系我們
    首頁  
    傳承人  
    名錄建設  
    非遺園地  
    工作交流  
    傳承與保護  
    政策法規  
    首頁>> 非遺園地>> 專家論壇
     

    苑利:加強調查研究是非遺保護的必由之路

    2012-4-1 10:29:00

    編者按:放在幾年前,“非物質文化遺產”還是一個非常陌生的詞匯,經過這些年的努力,非物質文化遺產保護,已經成為中國社會的焦點問題。成績是值得肯定的。但在遺產熱的背后是否還隱藏著什么問題?我們在非遺保護過程中是否還存在著需要注意的問題呢?中國藝術研究院的苑利研究員在遺產日前夕接受了中國文物網記者的采訪,并就非物質文化遺產保護中存在的問題發表了自己的看法。
       
        苑利,中華人民共和國文化部中國藝術研究院研究員,博士生導師,國際亞細亞民俗學會副會長,中國分會會長。是我國非物質文化遺產研究領域為數不多的領軍人物之一。代表作有《非物質文化遺產學》、《韓民族文化源流》、《民俗學概論》、《中國民俗學教程》、《龍王信仰探秘》,主編有《二十世紀中國民俗學經典》、《中國少數民族文化探索》等學術叢書20余部。

    苑利:深入調查,摸清家底,是非遺保護的一項重要工作

    現在,非物質文化遺產保護工作面臨許多問題,而產生這些問題的一個重要原因,就是缺少調查研究,缺少對非遺保護與傳承規律的認識。有時候,很多事我們并沒有考慮得很透徹就做了,結果是騎虎難下。早在2000年文化部召開的一次西部文化工作會議上,我就提出了一個名為“深入調查,摸清家底,搞好民族文化大普查”的建議案。雖然十年過去了,但直至現在,我仍覺得深入調查,摸清家底,十分必要,這是非物質文化遺產科學保護的重要一環。非物質文化遺產是一個民族最深厚的文化積淀,僅憑一次普查,不可能將所有的非物質文化遺產一網打盡。類似普查,肯定還會有第二次,第三次,直到我們將所有優秀的非物質文化遺產全部發掘出來。這是一項功在當代,利在千秋的百年大業,不做好這項工作,非物質文化遺產保護就是一句空話。

    苑利:非物質文化遺產研究要從基本理論抓起

    非物質文化遺產理論可以分為以下三個層次:一,什么是非物質文化遺產。它所解決的是本體論的問題;二,為什么保護非物質文化遺產。它所解決的是價值論的問題;三,怎么保護非物質文化遺產。它所解決的是方法論的問題。從中國非物質文化遺產研究水平看,中國的非物質文化遺產研究,恐怕還真得從第一個層面抓起。

    現在我們所用的非遺概念,基本上是從聯合國教科文組織那里轉引過來的,而聯合國教科文組織的非遺概念本身就存在問題。該定義認為只要是被某些個人或是群體視為一個地方文化財富的表演藝術,傳統工藝技術,民俗活動等,都是非物質文化遺產。也就是說,在這個定義中,“非物質文化遺產”是沒有時限上的界定的。它意味著不論是什么時候產生的文化現象,只要是“文化財富”,只要能掙到錢,都是非物質文化遺產。如果真是這樣,張藝謀的《印象劉三姐》,算不算非物質文化遺產?肯定不是。但按這個定義沒理由不算。再如,非物質文化遺產總應該有品質上的限定吧?也沒有。一次下鄉,我隨手翻閱了當地文化部門正在編輯的一本《非物質文化遺產資源普查名錄》,發現其中一些項目——如某某族的罵人話、男人的禁忌、女人的禁忌,坐月子的禁忌等根本不是非遺的傳統文化事項,統統進入到了該名錄。

     非遺是傳統文化,但它是經過價值衡量之后的傳統文化,應該是一個民族最優秀的東西。沒有重要的歷史價值、文化價值、藝術價值、科學價值和社會價值,怎能成為非物質文化遺產項目呢?再譬如在我們的非遺定義中,非物質文化遺產與物質文化遺產常常是混為一談的。因為非遺不僅保護那些傳統表演藝術、傳統工藝技術,同時也包括與之相關的“實物”、“制成品”甚至也包括與之相關的“文化空間”。按該定義界定,非遺項目不僅包括“宮廷營造技藝”這樣的頂級傳統工藝技術,同時也包括用這種技術營建起來的故宮、頤和園。如果連這么碩大的宮廷建筑都成了“看不見”、“摸不著”的非遺,還有什么東西是物質文化遺產呢?生活經歷告訴我們,在探討問題時,最忌諱的是在邏輯起點上出問題。這就像小孩子系扣兒一樣,如果第一個扣子系錯了,其他的扣子將會一錯到底。當下的非遺研究同樣是在邏輯起點上出了問題。所以我認為,非物質文化遺產理論研究盡管會涉及許多問題,但問題再多,也必須從概念入手。

    苑利:盡早建立非物質文化遺產學

    有人認為,非遺保護是政府的一項工作,而政府的行政工作是不需要進行理論研究的。所以,長期以來一些朋友一直對非遺的理論研究嗤之以鼻。奇怪的是這些反對派并不是目不識丁的文盲,而是形形色色的“專家”。搞非遺研究有人質疑,搞非遺學有人反對。但從非遺保護現狀看,我們的研究不是多了,而是太少了。我們的研究根本無法滿足整個社會對于非遺保護的需要。但為什么就是這樣一件好事還會遭遇重重阻力呢?原因在于在非遺保護過程中,由于我們缺少調查研究,我們在原則理念,方式方法上出了問題,而出于面子,我們又不希望別人指出。最后只能通過打壓理論研究來掩蓋事實,用一個錯誤掩蓋另一個錯誤。人不怕犯錯誤,關鍵是我們能否正視錯誤,改正錯誤。知錯則改,才是進步。

    苑利:改造我們的學風

    目前,中國非遺保護中學者的官僚化傾向十分嚴重。人們每到一地,不是腳踏實地,認認真真地發現問題、分析問題、解決問題,而是指手劃腳,隔山打炮。不調查,不研究的結果,只能是逼著他們回到家中關起門來創造“規律”,并用這些根本不是規律的“規律”去指導我們的非遺保護實踐。

    我認為所謂科學保護,首先就是要進行扎扎實實的理論建設,要從理論上把非物質文化遺產傳承規律與保護規律弄清楚,講明白。而研究工作的第一步,就是深入調查,摸清家底。深入調查,摸清家底,不僅僅是個技術問題,同時也是個學風問題。我們只有通過改造學風,才能找回我們自己,才能明白在非物質文化遺產保護實踐中我們的學術界究竟肩負著怎樣的責任,承擔著怎樣的義務。官氣十足,走馬觀花的督察不但傷害自身,同時也傷害了祖先們傳承下來的優秀遺產。

    【中國文物網采編 張艷】來源:中國文物網

     
     
     
    備案許可證:贛ICP備12000010號
    地址:南昌市站前西路121號南昌古玩城滕王樓三樓  電話:0791-86231235
    CopyRight © 江西省非物質文化遺產研究保護中心.All Rights Reserved
    技術支持:艦網科技

     
    瑞祥祥云瑞祥祥云平台瑞祥祥云主页瑞祥祥云网站瑞祥祥云官网瑞祥祥云娱乐瑞祥祥云开户瑞祥祥云注册瑞祥祥云是真的吗瑞祥祥云登入瑞祥祥云快三瑞祥祥云时时彩瑞祥祥云手机app下载瑞祥祥云开奖 www.am254.com | www.33vs33.com | www.17515209324.com | www.646969cc.com | www.8823d.com | www.23699r.com | www.77528i.com | www.h06966.com | www.901901.cc | www.pj00001111.com | www.yh999.tv | www.56726o.com | www.61386633.com | www.334485a.com | www.123808.com | www.708286.com | www.375736.com | www.057452.com | www.65707i.com | www.08588x.com | www.31047.com | www.2350j.com | www.4645h.com | www.1823bbb.com | www.111cp88.com | www.9646m.com | www.551369.com | www.86068.com | www.906765.com | www.78ms3122u.com | www.47133.com | www.550431.com | www.66332b.com | www.bxcp3333.com | www.1309393042.com | www.x85844.com | www.ll2229.com | www.35655a.com | www.5886.com | www.109075.com | www.60123m.com | www.6fa500.com | www.js986.com | www.jsw332.com | www.10878.com | www.b948b.com | www.951912.com | www.86267j.com | www.9818e.cc | www.0096dd.com | www.18838g.com | www.3726.com | www.81520j.com | www.2934i.com | www.78221z.com | www.48447.com | www.venetianonline.vip | www.917233.com | www.77114l.com | www.956321.com | www.84686e.com | www.edb666.com | www.927670.com | www.71399m.com | www.77fzc.com | www.99990yh.com | www.79889f.com | www.744418.com | www.12455x.com | www.hgg111.com | www.025574.com | www.796466.com | www.745855.com | www.6611b.cc | www.hg882u.com | www.2548546.com | www.640638.com | www.8039b.com | www.954321y.com | www.647486.com | www.987434.com | www.67258c.com | www.3245h.com | www.88839e.com | www.544141.com | www.6611a.cc | www.9888ylg.com | www.560061.com | www.178982.com | www.318548.com | www.911000p.com | www.843533.com | www.9928m.com | www.7433999.com | www.1111h.com | www.80075p.com | www.1496555.com | www.73055m.com | www.290282.com | www.ovfd2.com | www.5069599.com | www.939623.com | www.9356i.com | www.2002d.cc | www.799439.com | www.zhulin060815.com | www.62388y.com | www.540577.com | www.8879k.com | www.003615.com | www.155782.com | www.37377i.com | www.fucaiwang.in | www.80767j.com | www.521819.com | www.08778.com | www.5441f.com | www.0961666.com | www.585868.cc | www.690876.com | www.48438u.com | www.97655t.com | www.5587pj.com | www.jx5.com | www.3333y.cc | www.31788g.com | www.040431.com | www.46311u.com | www.www868666.com | www.bxcp3.com | www.a4a4.cc | www.77801n.com | www.jsw99.com | www.669773.com | www.caipiao33s.com | www.hga8585.com | www.63500.cc | www.cqcp5.com | www.66332x.com | www.577948.com | www.507381.com | www.56655c.com | www.986799.com | www.rfdc08.com | www.kk44888.com | www.qmfc2.com | www.4591237.com | www.32123n.com | www.55917ii.com | www.49956o.com | www.0282p.com | www.80075q.com | www.123888n.me | www.485648.com | www.c144144.com | www.634679.com | www.44889n.com | www.936336.com | www.38200r.com | www.977389.com | www.w9623.com | www.657069.com | www.yh8886.cc | www.lcw997.com | www.f700.cc | www.538950.com | www.7050g.com | www.0586777.com | www.long183.com | www.135125.com | www.99yh765.com | www.50064j.com | www.yongle887.com | www.35155e.com | www.3018bbb.com | www.055l.cc | www.79055.com | www.323688.com | www.978137.com | www.h88896.com | www.176012.com | www.yh5119.com | www.26299l.com | www.3502020.com | www.caipiao33u.com | www.699925.com | www.q3330.com | www.26878d.com | www.27363t.com | www.139777.tv | www.744559.com | www.rx055.com | www.21202r.com | www.450200.com | www.bm5208.com | www.912193.com | www.long8385.com | www.wlc777.com | www.3668q.com | www.288789.com | www.wap.8d-app.com | www.068637.com | www.cpzj26.com | www.mg968.vip | www.725660.com | www.766675.com | www.8499b.com | www.605999aa.com | www.123429.cc | www.588yc.com | www.909375.com | www.39695v.com | www.1999ac.com | www.983480.com | www.3678sss.com | www.022ah.cc | www.564676.com | www.5593t.com | www.1593p.com | www.257630.com | www.40818d.com | www.1823vvv.com | www.81520q.com | www.5630858.com | www.348gansu.com | www.81520r.com | www.190238.com | www.tz5850.com | www.585hc.com | www.610560.com | www.cqby9.com | www.yh2200.cc | www.11025.cc | www.568001.com | www.253503.com | www.b9611.com | www.29277g.com | www.935960.com | www.399129.com | www.3480005.com | www.26878l.com | www.669771.com | www.566540.com | www.q144144.com | www.9356d.com | www.16789q.com | www.57578f.com | www.ycu8.com | www.5804s.com | www.9810985.com | www.yh765.net | www.87365c.com | www.79889x.com | www.792051.com | www.138ag.com | www.52655.com | www.828954.com | www.1077.cc | www.cp7777p.com | www.595813.com | www.338061.com | www.66376h.com | www.71399t.com | www.7782j.com | www.918jo.com | www.76055p.com | www.42617sh.com | www.yhjt088.com | www.87576006.com | www.093939.com | www.55331r.com | www.476666.com | www.927310.com | www.506923.com | www.88266d.com | www.66621d.com | www.99jti.com | www.24107a.com | www.4844dhy.com | www.zd111.net | www.ylzz7.cc | www.66390jf.com | www.755907.com | www.201882.com | www.60123q.com | www.cf9901.com | www.xpj3188.com | www.le888k.com | www.88839x.com | www.100911.com | www.390477.com | www.73166j.com | www.cp8002.cc | www.xingji009.com | www.i2084.com | www.037-7.com | www.86644.com | www.99638f.com | www.5091y.com | www.18274301252.com | www.long8382.com | www.95555.ws | www.755213.com | www.50788w.com | www.yy63.com | www.lehu404.com | www.7894x29.com | www.0644.com | www.ttcp88.co | www.c4534.com | www.long8663.com | www.4486699.com | www.730631.com | www.67258d.com | www.37377t.com | www.xlcp04.com | www.810889.com | www.177478.com | www.089wy.com | www.huangjia50.com | www.37570g.com | www.717229.com | www.61233w.com | www.am244.com | www.ylzz4.cc | www.934277.com | www.87668c.com | www.13855425202.com | www.99840x.com | www.243766.com | www.68568h.com | www.088049.com | www.h88998.com | www.www34943.com | www.66621q.com | www.6460888.com | www.csj110.com | www.544010.com | www.lqc9.com | www.test444.com | www.998484.com | www.61233l.com | www.hg6969p.com | www.86087h.com | www.178385.com | www.70366d.com | www.88502015.com | www.551475.com | www.fcyl6.com | www.pj88121.com | www.52075.com | www.62355.com | www.kj970.cc | www.113377.com | www.16878h.com | www.wxc990.com | www.1555a.com | www.23579b.com | www.wy1367.com | www.58777.com | www.cll168.com | www.sun5678.com | www.960883.com | www.1035v.com | www.x33h.vip | www.11djcp.com | www.pj0077.com | www.hjc1125.com | www.66332e.com | www.h88995.com | www.k98777.com | www.3005.am | www.43436c.com | www.355205.com | www.13396503895.com | www.95011h.com | www.26299r.com | www.long828.com | www.866269.com | www.hgyz555.com | www.4591237.com | www.41518b.com | www.lehu7188.com | www.701564.com | www.1593ooo.com | www.cc48348.com | www.33112k.com | www.7345s.com | www.342677.com | www.app6609.com | www.65828.com | www.flff8.com | www.690ms450034.com | www.99968z.com | www.90766a.com | www.388229.com | www.56655j.com | www.919226.com | www.1123bb.com | www.hjc1105.com | www.5xgf.com | www.556tk.com | www.3933l.cc | www.baobo33.com | www.26878r.com | www.tt00558.com | www.43131p.com | www.bet699365.com | www.101363.com | www.23699cc.com | www.339351.com | www.1227a.com | www.500770.com | www.ss2665.com | www.452820.com | www.lehu7388.com | www.116205.com | www.888877t.com | www.163136.com | www.888877k.com | www.190163.com | www.309096.com | www.bxcp3.com | www.hgv6088.com | www.89894o.com | www.32668a.com | www.25688f.com | www.399386.com | www.8499z.com | www.30006r.com | www.w413.com | www.79909.com | www.66318z.bet | www.602450.com | www.7288088.com | www.038059.com | www.f666g.com | www.52072y.com | www.15248181.com | www.cp701.vip | www.383121aa.com | www.2jsggg.com | www.330175.com | www.6939o.com | www.50024q.com | www.8805132.com | www.dhy4545.com | www.868433.com | www.long383.com | www.50054f.com | www.01885w.com | www.xh8039.com | www.c32.com | www.1j189.com | www.78949o.com | www.3018zzz.com | www.c2879.com | www.928621.com | www.pj72766.com | www.25688f.com | www.00889.com | www.15077320442.com | www.501347.com | www.33332245.com | www.qucp0.com | www.717699.com | www.tyccp25.com | www.29277j.com | www.077009.com | www.c2665.com | www.81233m.com | www.92ms3122jj.com | www.feicai0377.com | www.54400l.com | www.964366.com | www.xhyhyl.cc | www.65707x.com | www.99296a.com | www.929061.com | www.35155v.com | www.68666.com | www.hg345g.com | www.50052x.com | www.6yc.com | www.w1458.com | www.8816aa.com | www.807835.com | www.yy3844.com | www.bd2019q.com | www.311332.com | www.70082345.com | www.997781.com | www.50080p.com | www.28057.com | www.bet336365.com | www.318548.com | www.xcw866.com | www.335655.com | www.z9611.com | www.32123m.com | www.910882.com | www.43436s.com | www.520168djkk.com | www.49956v.com | www.269555.com | www.lpj5555.com | www.1593uu.com | www.36787a.com | www.060958.com | www.vn22dd.com | www.a678992.com | www.50054f.com | www.710650.com | www.939316.com | www.5900js.com | www.tctx6.com | www.028314.com | www.584656.com | www.rd1122.com | www.38200n.com | www.7793q.com | www.401275.com | www.21511k.com | www.6668888p.com | www.2078y.com | www.1368o.cc | www.96386n.com | www.113377.com | www.65188t.com | www.7050aa.com | www.bd2019x.com | www.66376b.com | www.529355.com | www.25777.com | www.55a69.com | www.lehu943.com | www.bd2019j.com | www.23636n.com | www.566677.com | www.1hao.com | www.cjycp234.com | www.88899c.com | www.f020f.com | www.okw7.com | www.71233r.com | www.349677.com | www.870011.com | www.4591230.com | www.ee23488.com | www.yh99972.com | www.81511m.com | www.23636g.com | www.001537.com | www.658960.com | www.80bo.com | www.500wxscp.com | www.88850w2.com | www.11521.com | www.348hainan.com | www.348989.com | www.6364e.com | www.36166x.com | www.284488.com | www.755670.com | www.5555239.com | www.e948e.com | www.3775n.com | www.4323k.com | www.yh0901.com | www.99998yh.com | www.1282668694.com | www.81511c.com | www.626by.com | www.9928o.com | www.81520f.com | www.65707j.com | www.162090.com | www.xinyc1.com | www.799046.com | www.81842.com | www.60259.cc | www.jiuwuzhizun.cc | www.9097333.com | www.55755e.com | www.j1502.com | www.f66x.com | www.75505w.com | www.535668.com | www.6886.cc | www.wxc943.com | www.77797720.com | www.lvs77.com | www.1227k.com | www.1227z.com | www.js21678.com | www.ddc7888.com | www.vv9611.com | www.18559hd.com | www.776655yh.com | www.0239w.com | www.zb7878.com | www.zb9995.com | www.83766e.com | www.678js111.com | www.pj11229.com | www.p9488.com | www.j52266.com | www.1489q.com | www.8850w5.com | www.7894x.com | www.d36531.com | www.yfcp918.com | www.61166m.com | www.222111e.com | www.666629.com | www.0869d.com | www.914901.com | www.645411.com | www.324177.com | www.81520z.com | www.91233y.com | www.45258.cc | www.bxcp4.com | www.24107b.com | www.348.ba | www.long8353.com | www.930367.com | www.544338.com | www.6132.com | www.42665.com | www.877802.com | www.366292.com | www.67258c.com | www.26299m.com | www.csgc7.com | www.18975733268.com | www.h88925.com | www.7c987.com | www.688773.com | www.wy37.net | www.966019.com | www.449589.com | www.43131v.com | www.0014d.com | www.686989.com | www.99998yh.com | www.9810986.com | www.yfcp915.com | www.773458.com | www.cjcp600.com | www.55228d.com | www.055i.cc | www.15898208081.com | www.xpj2019.com | www.11223d.com | www.885599.com | www.587944.com | www.26878p.com | www.rrle2.com | www.dw587.com | www.4853f.com | www.x-p-j-9-8.zb6288.com | www.88827.com | www.168153.com | www.7782o.com | www.xuxu5791.com | www.62289k.com | www.996410.com | www.810521.com | www.66652f.com | www.gyfc9.com | www.88880yh.com | www.a4a3.cc | www.u588.me | www.105180.com | www.084wy.com | www.4237y.com | www.62383d.com | www.153000.com | www.091069.com | www.071wy.com | www.hg284.com | www.98777c.com | www.737298.com | www.87668g.com | www.vip95811.com | www.565737.com | www.90101x.com | www.81520m.com | www.36536548.com | www.92240077.com | www.711057.com | www.097067.com | www.hy6934.com | www.9646u.com | www.9694.com | www.87668w.com | www.pj6845.com | www.998087.com | www.53333.cc | www.36166w.com | www.15758565694.com | www.jinshaaa.com | www.915319.com | www.29178b.com | www.mm4886.com | www.6766060.com | www.186792.com | www.amxj789.com | www.787861.com | www.hcw266.com | www.07163p.com | www.ddc8888.com | www.361888.com | www.003561.com | www.143571.com | www.61166m.com | www.557595.com | www.c5236.com | www.9478.com | www.783090.com | www.664by.com | www.39695v.com | www.766788.com | www.15199.cc | www.61999aa.com | www.9759.com | www.08588j.com | www.long859.com | www.910987.com | www.50054r.com | www.590396.com | www.tm6655.com | www.60108r.com | www.ky082.com | www.0245.com | www.3416a.com | www.911000g.com | www.859505.com | www.zcwf2.com | www.bh889944.com | www.xinyc2.com | www.am653.com | www.1144033.com | www.33598k.com | www.lehu670.com | www.x2.cc | www.ban54.com | www.w629999.com | www.330291.com | www.5405.org | www.200068.com | www.8667s.com | www.ys993333.com | www.390126.com | www.ssd1177.com | www.46msxpj968.com | www.56588.com | www.yh123x.com | www.500232.com | www.r0686.com | www.25777.cc | www.565hc.com | www.68579455.com | www.65707z.com | www.long165.com | www.773577.com | www.323468.com | www.e49889.com | www.5441m.com | www.62388d.com | www.60123z.com | www.qifa255.com | www.598300.com | www.5405.org | www.8438c.cc | www.9081tt.com | www.49886.com | www.699by.com | www.55080x.com | www.50732x.com | www.760760b.com | www.68689k.com | www.3678hhh.com | www.244747.com | www.longdu168.vip | www.607316.com | www.16933.com | www.827737.com | www.g7249.com | www.17788d.com | www.79665k.com | www.16797.com | www.bd2019p.com | www.88833.com | www.4186988.com | www.097779cb.com | www.81511v.com | www.345365.com | www.152012.com | www.2929m.com | www.hgg111.com | www.022444.com | www.yh6606.com | www.334485c.com | www.07xpj.com | www.820933.com | www.xingji06.com | www.622307.com | www.ddc388.com | www.452801.com | www.a47479.com | www.87668c.com | www.yd12366.vip | www.97655q.com | www.39919g.com | www.108ak.com | www.92838bb.com | www.70366a.com | www.983003.com | www.356960.com | www.335247.com | www.le888l.com | www.21202w.com | www.js555.com | www.9dwj.com | www.184488.com | www.e7249.com | www.511647.com | www.tz192.com | www.35918v.com | www.a72555.com | www.hjin6.com | www.16dao.com | www.914108.com | www.177888.com | www.88850ss.com | www.2408e.cc | www.500500.com | www.vns5000.cc | www.296380.com | www.7894b.com | www.669by.com | www.99857.com | www.hg836cc.com | www.95555w.com | www.00406600.com | www.133999.vip | www.799243.com | www.iq686.com | www.50024w.com | www.xpj6.com | www.zb9199.com | www.80065t.com | www.3018zzz.com | www.a6995.com | www.560926.com | www.6116004.com | www.ya499.com | www.565378.com | www.hg85002.com | www.5522i.cc | www.949678.com | www.qifa12.com | www.84577.com | www.727939.com | www.055999a.com | www.66710.cc | www.7380.com | www.nn56667.com | www.4189a.com | www.bxcp3.com | www.bet586365.com | www.01czj.com | www.636309.com | www.9411pp.cc | www.bd2019j.com | www.262072.com | www.990060044.com | www.r4808.com | www.43818m.com | www.lebocai.com | www.long8391.com | www.1368s.cc | www.667537.com | www.646386.com | www.1123ee.com | www.61655h.com | www.c47.com | www.200503.com | www.hx1113.com | www.312102.com | www.7171msc.com | www.33880w.com | www.7116b.com | www.1516uu.com | www.889688.com | www.5219bb.com | www.8801885.com | www.88266r.com | www.67172.com | www.92461652.com | www.tlc5300.com | www.25688h.com | www.995168.com | www.ll00558.com | www.u0686.com | www.50024r.com | www.cp7777b.com | www.01885h.com | www.hg98085.com | www.679by.com | www.202405.com | www.73055.vip | www.7681e.com | www.66351b.com | www.84499z.com | www.712887.com | www.3978i.com | www.3337p.com | www.v958.com | www.07163v.com | www.876297.com | www.56987cc.com | www.qifa516.com | www.81393.com | www.00840k.com | www.810619.com | www.8473f.com | www.jinshavip0088.com | www.l7415.com | www.49956j.com | www.399150.com | www.8120333.com | www.00880w.com | www.3421vv.com | www.48488f.com | www.32123f.com | www.318075.com | www.9014.com | www.7508l.com | www.9646q.com | www.e7249.com | www.9889hc.com | www.52303j.com | www.290282.com | www.aomenyinhe888.cc | www.ylam01.com | www.l33mm.com | www.83356m.com | www.5666hc.com | www.50064j.com | www.550174.com | www.338113.com | www.ctd88.com | www.7894i.com | www.qifa15.com | www.724757.com | www.cp8009.cc | www.06500w.com | www.88266y.com | www.562509.com | www.64277.com | www.jhc495.net | www.56726k.com | www.938527.com | www.99440.com | www.760760e.com | www.sdd234.com | www.83335a.com | www.8124x.com | www.fyyy1.com | www.80175.com | www.50051f.com | www.303464.com | www.812680.com | www.51495.com | www.vn69966.com | www.9216c.com | www.4023d.com | www.ty578.com | www.jsc838.com | www.x67891.com | www.1054201560.com | www.xpj912.com | www.hqcp6.com | www.6888ac.com | www.36788x.com | www.34788w.com | www.80065r.com | www.234267.com | www.586960.com | www.770001.com | www.927133.com | www.030234.com | www.bzbz6.net | www.3339.com | www.33302.com | www.85ms3122vv.com | www.tctx6.com | www.53900k.com | www.77803q.com | www.006150.com | www.144428.com | www.286898.com | www.310195.com | www.501237.com | www.394211.com | www.431016.com | www.321676.com | www.xinyc2.com | www.205059.com | www.168212.com | www.022190.com | www.105636.com | www.dhy2289.com | www.77139v.com | www.dc2203.com | www.24107y.com | www.83356g.com | www.86664d.com | www.suncity8338.com | www.hbcp000.com | www.y85844.com | www.pj11221.com | www.a24555.com | www.f6662.com | www.62388i.com | www.1869s.com | www.222698.net | www.695148.com | www.542012.com | www.861803.com | www.535059.com | www.136506.com | www.43131u.com | www.26163c.com | www.55czt.com | www.7605k.com | www.f077f.com | www.ky085.com | www.k252599.com | www.62388z.com | www.3978t.com | www.13245.com | www.17788e.com | www.572102.com | www.033916.com | www.52072y.com | www.an966.com | www.73055e.com | www.1388908.com | www.9810985.com | www.78800f.com | www.95ms3122v.com | www.666613a.com | www.500916.com | www.50024k.com | www.371m.cc | www.75878x.com | www.h88968.com | www.146907.com | www.6120ff.com | www.59228.com | www.610560.com | www.53900i.com | www.9889hc.com | www.ysl5201314.com | www.lehu6663.com | www.ly19.com | www.hy963.com | www.675686.com | www.66332x.com | www.9889hc.com | www.6465n.com | www.9799tt.com | www.335655.com | www.889688.com | www.62118f.com | www.9889hc.com |